What is a Phrase?
A phrase, in a sentence, is a group of related words that complement the structure of sentence.
A phrase is always an important part of a sentence. A phrase cannot stand alone as it does not contain a subject and a verb. Hence, a phrase (as alone) does not give a complete idea. It is used to complement the overall structure of a sentence.
It usually consists of articles, preposition or noun. e.g. on a table, at the door, in a box, on the roof.
She is standing on the roof.
The cat is sleeping under the table.
She is drawing a map on the wall.
Someone is waiting at the door.
The kid sat beside her mother.
Students are looking at the black-board.
The dog is barking at a stranger.
The girl, in the brown shirt, won the debate.
The students, at the hall, were making a noise.
A phrase is an important part of a sentence. A phrase acts as a noun, an adjective or an adverb in a sentence. Hence, a phrase can also be defined as a group of related words (lacking a subject and a verb) that acts a single part of speech in a sentence.
Read the following examples:
|She wrote an interesting story.||(as a noun: object)|
|One of my friends has gone America.||(as a noun: subject)|
|The girl in the white shirt won the competition.||(as adjective modifying the noun: girl)|
|He gave me a cup full of tea.||(as adjective modifying the noun: cup)|
|She came back in a short while.||(as adverb modifying the verb: come)|
|He welcomed the guests in a cordial way.||(as adverb modifying the verb: welcome)|
Types of Phrases:
Depending upon its function in a sentence, the phrases are divided into many types such as:
- Noun phrase
- Verb Phrase
- Adjective Phrase
- Adverb Phrase
- Appositive Phrase
- Infinite Phrase
- Gerund Phrase.