A Verb which changes its form according to the number, person or tense and must has subject is called finite verb
– I saw her crying.
– He makes me proud.
– I will write a book in this month.
– The honey tastes sweet.
– They are doing a good job.
Finite verbs are of two types depending on the object they take:
a. Transitive V.
Transitive verb is an action verb that requires one or more objects which receive the action of the verb in the sentence.
– She reads the book. (verb with the object ‘the book’)
– He gave me a mobile phone. (verb with the object ‘me’ and ‘mobile phone’)
– I saw her in the market.
– Rifat wants a pen form Ryan.
b. Intransitive V.
Intransitive verb is an action verb that requires no direct object in the sentence.
– She reads. (no object in the sentence)
– Sit down here. (“)
– The birds are flying. (“)
– She is singing. (“)
– The sun set. (“)
– I walked to the park today. (“)
– I went to the campus for a scheduled class. (“)
Way to find transitive and intransitive verb:
If object is available in a sentence then the verb is transitive of that sentence.
And if object is not present in sentence then the verb is intransitive of that sentence.
So, to find an object we ask the verb by “Whom” or “what”, and the answer we get is an object of that sentence.
-He gave me a mobile phone.
Gave whom? Answer is me. And Gave what? Answer is mobile phone.
So the “gave” verb should be a transitive verb.
Reads what? No answer is found.
So the reads verb is intransitive verb.